What is Pronoun
Table of Contents
In simple words we can say A PRONOUN is a word that is used instead of a noun or Noun phrase that contains a noun. Pronoun also make up a small subcategory of nouns.
A Pronoun (I, me, He, she, herself, you, it, that, they, each, few, many, who, someone, somebody etc..etc..) is a word that takes the place of a noun.
There are 3 types of Pronoun
- Subject (He, she)
- Object (Him)
- Possessive (His)
Types of Pronoun
Read This Also UPSC SYLLABUS
For understanding pronoun types it’s Quiet Difficult. There are different kinds of Pronoun, they are…,
- Personal Pronoun (e.g., he, they)
- Demonstrative Pronoun (e.g., this, these)
- Interrogative Pronoun (e.g., which, who)
- Indefinite Pronoun (e.g., none, several)
- Possessive Pronoun (e.g., his, your)
- Reciprocal Pronoun (e.g., each other)
- Relative Pronoun (e.g., which, where)
- Reflexive Pronoun (e.g., himself)
- Intensive Pronoun (e.g., itself, himself)
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What is Personal Pronoun (e.g., he, they)
A personal pronoun is a short word we use as a simple substitute for the proper name of a person – First person, second person or third person. It also take different forms depending on number or natural gender, case and formality.
An Example of a Personal pronoun is the word “She” in the sentence, “She went on a bike”.
In simple terms we can say Personal Pronouns refers to the person speaking, the person spoken to, and the person, place, or think spoken about. Read This Also UPSC SYLLABUSUPSC Exam Syllabus – IAS syllabus for Prelims
First Person I, me, my, mine
Second Person You, your, yours
Third person He, him, his, her, hers, it, its
First Person We, us, our, ours
Second person You, your, yours
Third Person They, them, their, theirs
What is Demonstrative Pronoun
A demonstrative pronoun is a type of a pronoun that is used to point something specific within a sentence. It can be either a Singular (masculine or feminine) or Plural.
In simple terms.
- A Demonstrative pronoun points out a place, person, thing, or idea.
- This, that, these, those are used alone in sentences.
- It also Replace the noun.
- For Examples.
- That is a circuit breaker
- These are bottles of water.
- This is an apple.
- Those are apples.
What is Interrogative Pronoun
An Interrogative word or a question word is a function word used to ask a question, such as what, when, where, who, which, whom, whose, why, whether and how. They may be used in both direct questions and in indirect questions.
(Used for persons)
- Who eat the biscuit yesterday?
- To Whom did you give the book?
(Used for persons to show possession)
- Whose car was parked there just now?
(Used for animals and things)
- What animal has horns?
(Used for person, animals and things)
- Which boy took my book just now?
What is Indefinite Pronoun
An Indefinite Pronoun refers to a non-specific person or things in particular e.g.., Everyone, anyone, something, none, one, some, somebody and someone.
- Show unspecified objects or people, whether in plural or in singular.
- Indicate the entire or some of the noun or none of the noun.
- Used when we want to refer to group of noun without actually specifying who or how much.
What is Possessive Pronoun
It is a pronoun that can take the place of a noun phrase to show ownership in a sentence it always describes a Noun.
Do not confuse these Possessive Pronoun does show ownership, but it does not come before a noun or in a noun phrase.
What is Reciprocal Pronoun
A Reciprocal Pronoun is a type of pronoun which is used for one of the participants of a reciprocal construction.
Myself, yourself, himself/herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves.
Each other (2 people), One another (3 or more people)
My Dog and cat love each other
They all support One another
Note: Highlighted one is a reciprocal Pronoun
What is Relative Pronoun
- It often introduces dependent (or relative) clause in sentences.
- Relative clause is a type of dependent clause.
- The five relative pronoun are Who, whom, whose, which and that.
(Used for people)
- The men who called the yesterday wants to buy the car.
(Used for things and animals)
- Did you see the dress which came today?
- I love the cat which is playing with the ball.
(Used for possessions of people, animals)
- She’s the women whose opinion I respect.
- He’s a student whose generalKnowledge is the best in my class.
What is Reflexive Pronoun
Reflexive pronoun are words ending with self or selves that are used when the subject and the object of a sentence are the same.
- I believe in myself
- The girl harmed herself
- Animals feed Themselves by learning the art of survival.
What is Intensive Pronoun
Reflexive and intensive pronoun are same word ending with self and selves. The difference between in this two are reflexive pronoun are used when the subjects and object are the same. Intensive pronoun are used to emphasize the subjects, meaning that person or things and nobody/nothing else.
- Rani can open it herself
Here rani is the antecedent of “herself”, rani to herself is a emphasizes and herself is the intensive pronoun.
- We can raise the funds ourselves.
It include myself, herself, yourselves, themselves, himself etc..,
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